Prime and Composite Numbers Lesson Plans


Want to save time planning your prime and composite numbers unit and have access to activities that students love? These SOL-aligned Prime and Composite Lesson Plans come with detailed lesson plans, worksheets, games, centers, exit tickets, assessments, and much more! PDF and digital activities are included for both in-personal and virtual learning.

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Prime and Composite Numbers Lesson Plans (Math SOL 5.NS.2)

Are you looking for no-prep lessons and activities to teach prime and composite numbers? Look no further! These Prime and Composite Numbers Lesson Plans provide everything you need to teach prime numbers, composite numbers, and prime factorization. Save time planning and your students will love completing the hands-on activities found in this unit.

To take a closer look at some of the things included in this unit, check out the preview images at the top of the page!

What will students learn through these detailed lesson plans?

3 Detailed lesson plans are included to help students learn and practice the following skills–

  • Create a concrete or pictorial representation to demonstrate whether the number is prime or composite, and justify reasoning.
  • Classify, compare, and contrast whole numbers up to 100 using the characteristics prime and composite.
  • Determine the prime factorization for a whole number up to 100.

**Numbers 1-100 are used in these lessons.**

What comes in these Prime and Composite Numbers Lesson Plans?

You will find the following included in this math unit–

  • 3 Detailed Lesson Plans
  • 8 Worksheets
  • 3 Exit Tickets
  • 2 Anchor Charts
  • 2 Sorts/Foldables
  • 2 Games
  • Final Test
  • Word Wall Cards
  • Digital Activities for Google Slides
  • Answer Keys

Are digital resources included?

Some worksheets, sorts, the quizzes, and the test within these Prime and Composite Numbers Lesson Plans are also included in a digital format and can be shared with students using your Google Drive.

When you purchase this product, you will be given access to a link that will allow you to open the file in Google Slides. You’ll then share that file with your students. The slides can be printed and adapted for students who prefer to answer the questions by hand. You can also view and print a student’s completed version of the slides.

What standards are covered?

These Prime and Composite Numbers Lesson Plans are specifically created to align with Virginia math SOL 5.NS.2 although the lessons and activities closely align with most math standards related to prime numbers, composite numbers, and prime factorization.

Don’t Miss Out!

These Prime and Composite Numbers Lesson Plans require minimal prep work and are easy to implement whether teaching in-person or virtually. Students will also enjoy learning about numbers as they play games, complete hands-on activities, and relate numbers to real-world examples.


More Math Resources:

Looking for math lessons for the entire school year? This unit is included in my 5th Grade Math Lessons Bundle at a discounted price.


Other Information:

©Meghan Vestal, Vestal’s 21st Century Classroom LLC. All rights reserved. This product is to be used by the original downloader only. Copying for teachers, classroom, department, school, or school system is prohibited. This product may not be distributed or displayed digitally for public view. Teachers may NOT upload the product to school/district servers, or to any website, or share digital or print copies. Failure to comply is a copyright infringement and a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA). All sales are final.


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